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AGV Motor Selection Guide

Issuing time:2024-06-18 10:35Author:PhoenixPowerLink:

AGV Motor Selection Guide


With the rapid development of automationtechnology, Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs) are becoming widely used invarious fields such as warehousing, manufacturing, and healthcare as a corecomponent of intelligent logistics systems. The drive system of AGVs is one ofthe key factors determining their performance, with the motor as the corecomponent directly affecting the AGV's power, precision, stability, andlifespan. This paper provides a detailed analysis of the key factors in theselection of AGV motors, aiming to provide engineering professionals and userswith reference materials for motor selection.

I. Overview of AGV Motor Types

DC Brush Motors:

DC brushed motors are the most basic type,characterized by simple structure, easy control, and rapid start-up andbraking. However, due to the presence of brushes and commutators, they areprone to sparking, potentially leading to safety issues. Additionally, brushwear can affect lifespan. Therefore, DC brushed motors are commonly used in AGVapplications where lifespan requirements are not high and circuit control issimple.

Brushless DC Motors:

Brushless DC motors, by replacingtraditional brushes with electronic commutation, eliminate sparking and wearissues, thus improving motor efficiency and lifespan. Moreover, with electroniccontrol, they can achieve smoother speed control and higher control accuracy.Brushless DC motors are widely used in AGVs for applications requiring certainspeed and precision.

DC Servo Motors:

DC servo motors are high-performance motorsthat achieve precise positioning and rotation through pulse control. They offersuperior control accuracy and response speed compared to brushless DC motorsbut come with higher costs. DC servo motors are commonly used in AGVs forapplications requiring high precision and speed, such as high-precisionmaterial handling and assembly lines.

Stepper Motors:

Stepper motors achieve precise control ofangular displacement and speed by controlling the number and frequency ofpulses. They feature simple structure, easy control, and low cost but offerrelatively lower control accuracy and response speed. Stepper motors arecommonly used in AGVs for applications where precision requirements are not high,such as simple material handling and path planning.

II. Key Factors in AGV Motor Selection

Precision Requirements:

The precision requirements of AGVs directlydetermine the choice of motor. For applications requiring high precisionpositioning and rotation, DC servo motors should be prioritized. Forapplications with lower precision requirements, consideration can be given tousing brushless DC motors or stepper motors.

Speed and Dynamic Performance:

The running speed and dynamic performanceof AGVs also significantly influence motor selection. Brushless DC motors andDC servo motors offer high speed and rapid response capabilities, suitable forapplications requiring fast movement and frequent changes in direction.Although stepper motors have lower speed, their smooth rotation characteristicsstill offer value in certain specific applications.

Load and Operating Environment:

The motor's load capacity and ability toadapt to the operating environment are also factors to consider in theselection process. Depending on the size of the AGV's load and the workingenvironment, an appropriately sized motor can be chosen, consideringcharacteristics such as heat dissipation, waterproofing, and dustproofing.

Cost and Maintenance:

Different types of motors varysignificantly in terms of cost and maintenance. DC brushed motors and steppermotors have lower initial costs but higher maintenance costs. Brushless DCmotors and DC servo motors, despite higher initial investments, may offer loweroverall costs due to their longer lifespan and lower maintenance requirements.

III. Integrated Development Trend of AGVDrive and Control

With the continuous expansion of AGVapplication areas and diversification of demands, motor companies are beginningto design, manufacture, and service motors tailored to specific applicationscenarios. Among them, integrated drive and control design are considered thefuture direction. By integrating components such as drivers, controllers,encoders, and motors into a highly integrated and intelligent device, not onlycan product performance, stability, and reliability be improved, but costs andmaintenance difficulties can also be further reduced.

IV. Conclusion

In conclusion, in the process of AGV motorselection, it is necessary to comprehensively consider factors such asprecision requirements, speed and dynamic performance, load and operatingenvironment, as well as cost and maintenance. Meanwhile, with the developmentof integrated drive and control design, future AGV motors will become moreintelligent and integrated. In practical applications, engineers and usersshould select the appropriate motor type based on specific requirements andscenarios to achieve optimal AGV performance and cost-effectiveness.

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